Decarbonisation, Education Spending in the UK, and Electronic Monitoring and Surveillance in the Workplace: New Official Publications 22.11.21

Westminster & the UK Government

© Parliamentary Copyright House of Commons 2021. Contains Parliamentary information licensed under the Open Parliament Licence v3.0

Research and Development funding policy – “Research and development (R&D) funding is defined as expenditure on research, mostly in science and technology, that results in new products, processes and understanding. It includes research undertaken by, and funding from, public and private sectors.

The most recent data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) shows that, in 2019, total public and private expenditure on R&D in the UK was £38.5 billion – the highest level on record. This represents 1.74% of GDP in 2019, which is lower than in comparable countries like France (2.2%), the US (3.1%) and Germany (3.2%).”

Education spending in the UK – “Education spending peaked in around 2010 at 5.5% of GDP or £104 billion (2019-20 prices). It has fallen since then, but how much of this is due to changes to definitions, where does this leave the UK compared to other countries and how does this fall in spending compare to others over the past seven decades?”

Secondary ticketing – “The online resale of tickets (the secondary ticketing market) applies to recreational, sporting or cultural events in the UK. Secondary ticketing, especially pricing, is a subject that attracts much public interest. Recently, there have been various investigations of this sector resulting in some enforcement activity.

Following the introduction of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (CRA 2015), the Government commissioned an independent review of the effectiveness of consumer protection measures in the online ticket resale market. Professor Waterson’s report, published in May 2016, made nine recommendations to make this market work better for consumers. Karen Bradley, then Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, hosted roundtable meetings with enforcement bodies and stakeholders in November 2016. The Government’s written response to the report was published on 13 March 2017. As well as accepting the report’s recommendations in full, the Government said Parliament would be invited to consider proposals for reform of the secondary ticketing market within the context of the Digital Economy Bill.”

Scottish Parliament & Government

Contains information licenced under the Scottish Parliament Copyright Licence.

Miners’ Strike (Pardons)(Scotland) Bill 2021 – “The Miners’ Strike (Pardons) (Scotland) Bill 2021 (the Bill) was introduced in the Scottish Parliament on 27 October 2021. It aims to provide pardons to miners who were convicted of certain offences between 12 March 1984 and 3 March 1985 while picketing during the miners’ strike.”

Equally Safe – forensic medical services: consultation analysis – “Analysis of responses to our consultation on the retention period for evidence collected in the course of self-referral forensic medical services.”

Heat networks delivery plan – draft: consultation – “This draft heat network delivery plan sets out how the provisions of the Heat Networks (Scotland) Act 2021, and related policies, will contribute to increased heat networks across Scotland. It also outlines the proposed regulatory regime for the heat networks sector in Scotland..”

European Union

© EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service, 2021

Decarbonisation of Energy – “Decarbonising the energy system requires a fundamental transformation in the way societies provide, transport and consume energy. Disagreement exists over how this system should look in 2050. The large-scale expansion of low-carbon electricity, phase-out of unabated fossil fuels, and widespread direct electrification are uncontroversial. In more controversial areas, like the deployment of hydrogen and synthetic methane, policy should forcefully explore options and be willing to accept and learn from failures. This report discusses concrete policy options for doing so.”

The values and identities of EU citizens – “Independence of judges and the right to a fair trial (82% for both) are the EU values most highly supported by Europeans, followed by the freedom of thought, expression and religion (81%), according to the results of this special Eurobarometer survey. At personal level, taking care of those who are close to them (77%) and being in charge of decisions about their life (78%) are the two most important personal values for EU citizens. The most important identities of EU citizens are their family (81%) and national identity (73%).”

Electronic monitoring and surveillance in the workplace – “This report re-evaluates the literature about surveillance/monitoring in the standard workplace, in home working during the COVID 19 pandemic and in respect of digital platform work. It utilised a systematic review methodology (see Appendix I). A total of 398 articles were identified, evaluated and synthesised. The report finds that worker surveillance practices have extended to cover many different features of the employees as they work. Surveillance in the workplace targets thoughts, feelings and physiology, location and movement, task performance and professional profile and reputation. In the standard workplace, more aspects of employees’ lives are made visible to managers through data. Employees’ work/non-work boundaries are contested terrain. The surveillance of employees working remotely during the pandemic has intensified, with the accelerated deployment of keystroke, webcam, desktop and email monitoring in Europe, the UK and the USA. Whilst remote monitoring is known to create work-family conflict, and skilled supervisory support is essential, there is a shortage of research which examines these recent phenomena…”

Official Statistics

Comparisons of all-cause mortality between European countries and regions: data up to week ending 3 September 2021 – “The best way of comparing the mortality impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic internationally is by looking at all-cause mortality compared with the five-year average. All-cause mortality avoids the problem of different countries recording COVID-19 deaths in different ways, and also takes into account the indirect impact of the coronavirus pandemic, such as deaths from other causes that might be related to delayed access to healthcare.

We have sourced our European mortality and population data from databases published by Eurostat. There are strict criteria that data must meet to be included, so analysing data from this source provides an opportunity to be as comparable as possible. This means we are reliant on the availability of data submitted to Eurostat by participating countries. More information about the data used in this article can be found in the accompanying methods paper.”

The impacts of EU exit and coronavirus (COVID-19) on UK trade in services: November 2021 – “An analysis of UK trade in services in the context of the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and the end of the EU transition period on 31 December 2020.”

UK natural capital accounts: 2021 – “Estimates of the financial and societal value of natural resources to people in the UK.”

If you’d like to know more about official publications just get in touch with us at the Maps, Official Publications and Statistics Unit Monday to Friday, 9 am to 5 pm. Our enquiry desk is currently closed, however we can be contacted by email at

Categories: Library, Official Publications

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