Word Food Day and Nobel Prize-winning nutritionist John Boyd Orr

The 16th of October marks ‘World Food Day’, a worldwide celebration to raise awareness of food security, malnutrition and poverty. Since it was founded in 1945, countries have used the day to come together and strengthen international and national solidarity in the struggle against world hunger. To celebrate ‘World Food Day’, we thought it would be fitting to look at the life of Lord and Rector. Orr spent much of his career fighting against hunger and malnutrition in Britain during the war and post-war years. He was also one of the first scientists to identify the link between low income and nutritional deprivation.

up-1-441-2_john_boyd_orr

John Boyd Orr (our ref UP1/441/2)

Born in Kilmaurs in Ayrshire, Orr graduated MA from the University in 1902; BSc in 1910 and MB, ChB in 1912. Through the 1920s, his own research was devoted mainly to animal nutrition but his focus changed to human nutrition both as a researcher, undertaking large-scale surveys, and an active lobbyist and propagandist for improving people’s diets.

In 1927, he proved the value of milk being supplied to school children, which led to free school milk provision in the UK. His 1936 report: Food, Health and Income showed that at least one third of the UK population were so poor that they could not afford to buy sufficient food to provide a healthy diet.

During the Second World War, he was a member of Churchill’s Scientific Committee on Food Policy and helped to develop food rationing. Post war he accepted the post of director-general of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. He set up an International Emergency Food Council, with thirty-four member nations, to meet the post-war food crisis but his proposal for the establishment of a World Food Board failed in 1947 and he resigned from his post.

He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1949 for his scientific research into nutrition and his work as the first Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. He donated the financial part of the Prize to the National Peace Council, the World Movement for World Federal Government, and other organizations devoted to world peace and a united world government.

Cartoon of Boyd Orr (our ref DC/198/1/49)

Cartoon of John Boyd Orr (our ref DC/198/1/49)

Boyd Orr’s legacy can be seen throughout the University today. To mark his achievements, the University awarded him an honorary degree in 1947. Moreover, the Boyd Orr Building is named for him, and a collection of Orr’s WW1 medals are held in the Coin Cabinet of the Hunterian Museum. He will be remembered for his scientific integrity, and his firm belief that access to food and proper nutrition is vital to maintaining peace and prosperity worldwide.

You can view a profile for John Boyd Orr on the University Story website here and can read more about his Nobel Peace Prize on our World Changing site here.



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